Gold reserve

A gold reserve is the gold held by a central bank or nation intended as a store of value and as a guarantee to redeem promises to pay depositors, note holders (e.g., paper money), or trading peers, or to secure a currency.
 Gold reserve   
Rank Country Gold (tonnes) Gold's share of national forex reserves
  1   United States   8,133.5     79.9%  
  2   Germany   3,362.4     77.1%  
  —   International Monetary Fund   2,814.0     N/A  
  3   Italy   2,451.8     72.9%  
  4   France   2,436.1     67.8%  
  5   Russia   2,299.4     24.5%  
  6   China   1,948.3     4.7%  
  7   Switzerland   1,040.0     6.8%  
  8   Japan   765.2     3.5%  
  9   India   664.2     7.8%  
  10   Netherlands   612.5     70.2%  
  11   Turkey   602.7     44.9%  
  —   European Central Bank   504.8     32.8%  
  12   Taiwan   422.7     5.2%  
  13   Portugal   382.5     77.4%  
  14   Kazakhstan   380.4     67.8%  
  15   Uzbekistan   330.6     59.8%  
  16   Saudi Arabia   323.1     4.4%  
  17   United Kingdom   310.3     11.0%  
  18   Lebanon   286.8     33.9%  
  19   Spain   281.6     22.3%  
  20   Austria   280.0     60.7%  
  Total